History of Hertfordshire UK

Hertfordshire is an English-county well connected to London for business and commerce purposes. The development of Hertfordshire has been closely linked to that of – London, which uses the supplies of these Counties for national and international trading.


Early history:
The earliest – evidence of human life in Hertfordshire dates to 350,000 years back. Flint tools were discovered in a gravel-pit in Rickmansworth. The name Hertford has been derived from heortford which means deer crossing of a water stream. Deer finds a significant place in the county’s emblem.

The Roman’s conquered Britain in 43 AD and Hertfordshire too, came under the Roman rule. Saint Alban is the patron saint of Hertfordshire and his martyrdom took place in the Holywell Hill.

The county was under the Anglo-Saxon rule from the 5-th century to the – 9th century. In the 9-th century, the control of Hertfordshire went into the hands of West Anglians of Mercia. The region became an English shire in the 10-th century.

In the 10-th century, it came under the rule of the William of Normandy. Norman castles were-built in the county at Bishop’s Stortford, at the royal residence of Berkhamsted, and at King’s Langley’s residence.

Post world war 2:
The aircraft operations were widely spread across the Hertfordshire County in the World War 2. Post-war, Hatfield remained associated with the – aircraft industry. In 1965, Barnet was taken from Hertfordshire to expand the London area. In exchange, the Potters Bar – and South-Mimms from Middlesex became a part of – Hertfordshire. Royston became a part of the county’s terrain in 1972.

Growth and expansion- Hertfordshire is bordered by greater London in the South and as London thrived, the rich and the wealthy of London started acquiring the area in this county. With the Industrial revolution, the Hertfordshire County witnessed phenomenal growth. There was a dramatic increase in population and the county saw an all-round development. The first branch – railway line in-England was opened in 1939 at the Aylesbury. It had a-station at Marston Gate in Hertfordshire. The – County developed many industries to trade with London.

The town of Letchworth became the world’s first garden city in 1903 and under the- New Towns Act 1946, Stevenage-was the first town to be-redeveloped. Notable author Jane Austen has written about Hertfordshire and the famous fiction novel Pride and Prejudice has been based in Hertfordshire.

Arthur Balfour received his education in Hertfordshire – before going to Cambridge and has also served as an MP to the county.

Cinema -The town of Borehamwood in the British county was a cinema hub from 1920’s to the late 1980’s. It was home to the British film studios like the MGM-British Studios. The Star War movies were made in these studios. The studios are generally addressed by the name Elstree. Popular television series like ‘Big Boss UK’ and ‘Who wants to-be a millionaire?’ were filmed here. The much acclaimed Harry Potter series and the James bond movie Golden Eye was also developed at the Leavesden film Studios, Hertfordshire.

Recent events:
In a very unfortunate accident on 17 October 2000, four were people with over 70 injured in the Hatfield rail crash. There were major restrictions imposed on Railtrack, which consequently underwent major track replacement. On 10 May 2002, however, another Potters Bar rail accidents occurred when the train at high speed, was derailed and plunged into the air, killing seven people.

Currently, the town planning authority has drawn proposals for building “Garden Villages” within Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire is well connected to all major ports and cities around. With the growth of industry and education, the County has witnessed a major decline in agriculture and forestry.